best interest of the child pdf

0000315118 00000 n 0000247113 00000 n Awarding custody - Best interests and welfare of child. 0000312804 00000 n 0000263204 00000 n 0000280453 00000 n 0000293009 00000 n 0000283353 00000 n 0000274131 00000 n 0000281069 00000 n 0000043572 00000 n 0000278673 00000 n 0000322687 00000 n 0000318078 00000 n 0000279359 00000 n Best Interests Determination by UNHCR 1. 0000115294 00000 n 0000250248 00000 n 0000119096 00000 n 0000255507 00000 n 0000285053 00000 n 0000315064 00000 n 0000310071 00000 n 0000267792 00000 n 0000266397 00000 n 1.1.3 The development of UNHCR’s 2008 Guidelines on Determining the Best Interests of the Child..... 13 1.1.4 The 2018 Revision of UNHCR’s Guidelines on Determining the Best Interests of the Child ..... 15 1.2 Application of the 2018 UNHCR Guidelines on Assessing and Determining the Best Interests of 0000304483 00000 n 0000302813 00000 n 0000282878 00000 n 0000278851 00000 n 0000265992 00000 n 0000245926 00000 n 0000303111 00000 n 0 0000235545 00000 n 0000235319 00000 n 0000314492 00000 n 0000247762 00000 n 0000238259 00000 n 0000283700 00000 n 0000286165 00000 n 0000261509 00000 n Factors to be considered include parental capacity to provide adequate care, sibling and other family relationships, and the child's wishes. This article explores the indeterminacy argument and then turns to ways in which, in practice, a degree of predictable operation may still result. 0000238799 00000 n 0000038414 00000 n 0000318942 00000 n 0000259309 00000 n 0000301697 00000 n 0000237209 00000 n 0000241737 00000 n 0000310126 00000 n 0000273821 00000 n The factors can be used in cases such as custody, parenting time, and minor guardianships. 0000310574 00000 n 0000284772 00000 n 0000236743 00000 n 0000310350 00000 n 0000272670 00000 n 0000291887 00000 n 0000304760 00000 n 0000253452 00000 n No person shall discriminate against a child on the grounds of gender, race, age, 0000263722 00000 n 0000225862 00000 n 0000248147 00000 n 0000248529 00000 n 0000238112 00000 n 0000316612 00000 n 0000318350 00000 n 0000311217 00000 n 0000320389 00000 n 0000297875 00000 n 0000284884 00000 n 0000298329 00000 n 0000310005 00000 n 0000267550 00000 n 0000235376 00000 n Excerpts … 0000315558 00000 n 0000297820 00000 n 0000239557 00000 n The purpose of this study 10 2. 0000230321 00000 n 0000244344 00000 n 0000316450 00000 n 0000316775 00000 n 0000266118 00000 n 0000311329 00000 n 0000244293 00000 n 0000286386 00000 n 0000248450 00000 n 0000311162 00000 n 0000307866 00000 n 0000276651 00000 n 0000245279 00000 n 0000268089 00000 n 0000232964 00000 n 0000320789 00000 n Best Interests of the Child - Definition, Examples, Processes 0000038793 00000 n 0000252475 00000 n 0000256334 00000 n 0000280845 00000 n 0000236049 00000 n 0000295646 00000 n 0000234291 00000 n 0000321677 00000 n 0000284019 00000 n 0000235487 00000 n 3.2.3 Limitation of the “best interests” of the child 39 . 0000323929 00000 n 0000310407 00000 n 0000264160 00000 n 0000264214 00000 n 0000240416 00000 n 0000269093 00000 n 0000246454 00000 n 0000262114 00000 n Several international conventions had also subsequently incorporated this provision. 0000259435 00000 n 0000094839 00000 n 0000287003 00000 n 0000106405 00000 n 0000296189 00000 n 0000235210 00000 n What does the concept of the best interests of the child mean in practice? 0000281399 00000 n This article explores the use of the best interest standard in the context of third-party interventions in ongoing parent-child relationships. 0000292564 00000 n 0000263033 00000 n 0000290890 00000 n 0000242550 00000 n 0000249843 00000 n 0000308371 00000 n 0000278119 00000 n 0000288216 00000 n 0000318179 00000 n 0000323360 00000 n The Best Interest of the Child Standard (BICS) encouraged 0000229829 00000 n 0000308426 00000 n The best interest of the child vs. the integrity of the family In their book on the protection of children, Dingwall, Eekelaar and Murray (1983) identify two standard accounts in the regulation of families in liberal states that produce a sense that 0000297986 00000 n 0000246293 00000 n 0000253176 00000 n 0000283577 00000 n 0000252423 00000 n 0000249204 00000 n 0000265451 00000 n 0000323639 00000 n 0000254281 00000 n 0000312276 00000 n 0000230903 00000 n endstream endobj startxref 0000233527 00000 n 0000273755 00000 n h��UMo�0�+:��N�-Y6P�G�Xڠ�aA��&�;�խ��%e�q�;�@��#�G�Q�TB¥D>�����NG�V�!��>[rI�� ܔY���-���lZe�@|���c��YU�m��Eh�?��6q�N�.6�j�$+z7��U�7$�%:�OL�5A��]J^T�h:����ޫ�NF����âCs��tDL��i:W�/p-5]�4�y3_S�����qա�K��d�4p~H'�p���ΐ0�T��U�$�jې��:���mu%Dd1�3�l��Egj���|�r����j��K�ݫ=�B k_�W��̗OM�M�s���e$�wFy6*��&��F�C�öL�E�u~0UMt�p!m�x����]K�S^��&����n�d�j8��v����T��A��g����ˬ��7f׬����_0B��������A�� \wA��>�dG{�J��0fҮN�g�HQl}QG,��Ž��I[�0i0(JD^O̒�`��:��1�u��� 0K�� ��ܾ� 0000231813 00000 n 0000039849 00000 n 0000243155 00000 n 0000320314 00000 n 0000288680 00000 n 0000292731 00000 n 0000268142 00000 n 0000249901 00000 n 0000282480 00000 n This report was made possible with financial support from International Child Support (ICS) and Plan International. 0000115032 00000 n 0000278794 00000 n 0000266181 00000 n 0000279557 00000 n 1000 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<980D50645947294B9CF1C9D8B5ED3B28><2F88373980A7654395998C8D13C4E49C>]/Index[991 18]/Info 990 0 R/Length 60/Prev 225651/Root 992 0 R/Size 1009/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 0000302425 00000 n 0000100581 00000 n 0000095063 00000 n 0000277996 00000 n 0000319568 00000 n 0000309543 00000 n 0000284131 00000 n 0000272733 00000 n 0000262970 00000 n 0000249791 00000 n 0000296965 00000 n 0000250903 00000 n 0000288924 00000 n 0000280201 00000 n 0000275347 00000 n 0000277219 00000 n 0000265398 00000 n 7 The Children’s Act, 1998 Act 560 Non-discrimination 3. 0000309939 00000 n 0000292676 00000 n 0000275291 00000 n 0000245104 00000 n 0000303817 00000 n 0000322090 00000 n 0000251618 00000 n To explore this concept, consider the following best interests of the child definition. 0000234348 00000 n 0000264001 00000 n 0000260146 00000 n 0000115719 00000 n 0000324725 00000 n 0000304373 00000 n 0000321836 00000 n 0000258062 00000 n 0000282601 00000 n 0000261257 00000 n 0000299147 00000 n 0000261829 00000 n 0000254830 00000 n 0000271947 00000 n The concept of the child's best interests is aimed at ensuring both the full and effective enjoyment of all the rights recognized in the Convention and the holistic development of the child.2 The Committee has already pointed out3 that “an adult’s judgment of a child’s best interests cannot override the obligation to respect all the child’s 0000288568 00000 n 0000241111 00000 n 0000277941 00000 n 0000288282 00000 n 0000317242 00000 n 0000299035 00000 n 0000313750 00000 n The best interests principle is mentioned in various articles in the CRC. 0000287227 00000 n 0000291775 00000 n This publication sheds lights on different aspects of this concept. the concept the best interest of the child, a term that is used in judicial decision-making, particularly when the childs place of residence is a major issue and the question specifically relates to where the child can best grow up. 0000302049 00000 n 0000274410 00000 n 0000232403 00000 n 0000283766 00000 n 0000260254 00000 n 0000036970 00000 n 0000045976 00000 n Best interests and welfare of child - Court consideration - Factors. 0000202360 00000 n 0000257199 00000 n 0000238561 00000 n 0000283232 00000 n 0000267855 00000 n 0000268535 00000 n 0000246919 00000 n 0000235654 00000 n 0000243557 00000 n 0000247704 00000 n 0000318995 00000 n 0000237893 00000 n 0000295965 00000 n 0000055270 00000 n 0000299870 00000 n 0000259714 00000 n 0000242607 00000 n 0000272285 00000 n 0000321907 00000 n 0000281847 00000 n 0000282091 00000 n 0000244796 00000 n 0000307185 00000 n 0000260878 00000 n 0000095417 00000 n 0000248341 00000 n child. 0000317359 00000 n 0000250191 00000 n 0000256713 00000 n 0000282658 00000 n 0000301476 00000 n 0000107094 00000 n 0000292320 00000 n The best interest of the child Yvonne Dausab Approximately 60 per cent of people in Namibia are under the age of 25. 0000236691 00000 n 0000268930 00000 n 0000280069 00000 n 0000239228 00000 n 0000230678 00000 n The list contains a diverse mixture of relevant considerations, but cannot really be seen as providing a proper definition of what the “best interests” of a child are. 0000309157 00000 n 0000258225 00000 n "best interests of the child," the term generally refers to the deliberation that courts undertake when deciding what type of services, actions, and orders will best serve a child as well as who is best suited to take care of a child. 0000306855 00000 n 0000316840 00000 n 0000290612 00000 n 0000094940 00000 n 0000279612 00000 n 0000265803 00000 n 0000279724 00000 n 0000314168 00000 n 0000233743 00000 n emotions and requires a reexamination of the best interests of children. 0000262169 00000 n 0000287508 00000 n The first is balancing the "best interests" with claims of parental 0000312210 00000 n 0000259120 00000 n 0000262061 00000 n 0000295910 00000 n 0000269408 00000 n 0000282768 00000 n 0000318553 00000 n 0000257451 00000 n 0000284717 00000 n 0000283166 00000 n 0000257901 00000 n 0000254416 00000 n 0000311030 00000 n 0000276884 00000 n 0000269740 00000 n 0000300004 00000 n 0000252989 00000 n 0000294745 00000 n The best interests principle gives way to human rights – except for children 9 1.4. 0000257514 00000 n 0000312041 00000 n 0000236107 00000 n 0000307475 00000 n 0000281267 00000 n 3.2.3 Limitation of the “best interests” of the child 39 . 0000297352 00000 n 0000241954 00000 n 0000272796 00000 n 0000262466 00000 n 0000247981 00000 n 0000275512 00000 n 0000251561 00000 n 0000322300 00000 n 0000251177 00000 n 0000258931 00000 n 0000246586 00000 n 0000248748 00000 n 0000272615 00000 n 0000269524 00000 n 0000318489 00000 n Factors to be considered include parental capacity to provide adequate care, sibling and other family relationships, and the child's wishes. The best interests principle is mentioned in various articles in the CRC. 0000126407 00000 n 0000280509 00000 n 0000254525 00000 n 0000312342 00000 n 0000303760 00000 n 0000253560 00000 n 0000279893 00000 n 0000287172 00000 n 0000289762 00000 n 0000310631 00000 n 0000311386 00000 n 0000289036 00000 n IN THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE CHILD: Harmonising Laws on Children in West and Central Africa . 0000271679 00000 n 0000284353 00000 n 0000266450 00000 n 0000250960 00000 n 0000324231 00000 n 0000307923 00000 n 0000321508 00000 n 0000270474 00000 n 0 0000255921 00000 n 0000301861 00000 n 0000242659 00000 n 0000315988 00000 n 0000239853 00000 n (2) The best interest of the child shall be the primary consideration by any court, person, institution or other body in any matter concerned with a child . 0000260038 00000 n 0000311696 00000 n 0000289432 00000 n 0000048582 00000 n 0000106703 00000 n 0000302537 00000 n 0000302181 00000 n 0000259822 00000 n 1.3. 0000250851 00000 n 0000243383 00000 n 0000313914 00000 n 0000246128 00000 n 0000279491 00000 n 0000250356 00000 n 0000252143 00000 n 0000299538 00000 n 0000277605 00000 n 0000298659 00000 n 0000316284 00000 n 0000317691 00000 n 0000260199 00000 n 0000323671 00000 n 0000245331 00000 n 0000318682 00000 n 0000237377 00000 n 0000038032 00000 n 0000127995 00000 n 0000319400 00000 n 0000275991 00000 n 0000298153 00000 n 0000232907 00000 n 0000265614 00000 n 0000247337 00000 n 0000253227 00000 n 0000278053 00000 n 0000253118 00000 n 0000318147 00000 n 0000315922 00000 n 0000286816 00000 n 0000235939 00000 n 0000240114 00000 n 0000291000 00000 n 0000297708 00000 n I start by examining the history of the best interest standard and show that it has had different meanings in different eras. 0000256110 00000 n 0000322852 00000 n 0000263533 00000 n 0000317274 00000 n 0000238619 00000 n 0000256947 00000 n 0000291944 00000 n 0000243506 00000 n 0000275635 00000 n 0000255349 00000 n 0000286882 00000 n 0000286684 00000 n 0000231090 00000 n 0000239744 00000 n 0000278297 00000 n 0000239447 00000 n 0000302759 00000 n 0000268822 00000 n 0000293794 00000 n 0000290724 00000 n 0000309103 00000 n If an attempt is made to define “best interests”, this can only be done in general terms and thus devaluate its usefulness in direct 0000040942 00000 n 0000279017 00000 n 0000236801 00000 n 0000257954 00000 n 0000237319 00000 n 0000276996 00000 n 0000323492 00000 n 0000297539 00000 n 0000275017 00000 n 0000283100 00000 n 0000289828 00000 n 0000283898 00000 n 0000225944 00000 n Best Interests of the Child In all custody proceedings in New York, the main concern for the court in awarding custody is the “best interest of the child.” The “best interest of the child” test means that the courts are required to balance the ability of each parent to meet the needs of the child or children. This is in order to ensure that decision-makers consider and weigh all relevant factors in making decisions that are in the best interests of the adult who lacks capacity; to provide Chairs of best interests meetings with additional guidance on the process, content and 0000280733 00000 n 0000305127 00000 n 0000243818 00000 n 0000274298 00000 n Best interests in human rights instruments 12 2.2. 0000052480 00000 n 0000309873 00000 n 0000308681 00000 n 0000039514 00000 n 0000239615 00000 n 0000287930 00000 n 0000230040 00000 n 0000095124 00000 n 0000246076 00000 n 0000312572 00000 n 0000285495 00000 n 0000279293 00000 n 0000230213 00000 n 0000257738 00000 n 0000255764 00000 n Nearly all courts base child custody decisions on the best interests of the child standard. 0000295081 00000 n 0000234524 00000 n 0000232245 00000 n 0000290555 00000 n 0000276387 00000 n 0000237742 00000 n 0000235050 00000 n 0000237100 00000 n 0000268598 00000 n 0000233851 00000 n 0000288746 00000 n 0000299803 00000 n 0000298395 00000 n 0000294969 00000 n H��S�o�0���>ڈ8矉�im7TĤ�,�a�C�n�����T��sv��LˀH����|�.��j�������b. 0000314036 00000 n Best Interests Framework for Vulnerable Children and Youth (pdf) This paper describes how the Best Interests principles and related provisions of the Children, Youth and Families Act 2005 (CYFA) attend to the particular needs of children who are vulnerable as a result of their family’s circumstances, dynamics and social isolation. 0000311096 00000 n Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. 0000261383 00000 n 0000253788 00000 n 0000070306 00000 n 0000263838 00000 n 0000281566 00000 n 0000276829 00000 n 0000269795 00000 n 0000241059 00000 n 0000303441 00000 n 0000252700 00000 n 0000317637 00000 n 0000307754 00000 n 0000308259 00000 n 0000265235 00000 n 0000231716 00000 n 0000275181 00000 n 0000283043 00000 n 0000292122 00000 n 0000252809 00000 n Nearly 40 per cent of the population are under the age of 15. endstream endobj 995 0 obj <>stream 0000306723 00000 n 0000100833 00000 n 0000319241 00000 n 0000238400 00000 n 0000290219 00000 n 0000320260 00000 n 0000078299 00000 n 0000323137 00000 n 0000244570 00000 n 0000294578 00000 n 0000295250 00000 n 3.5 Relationship between “best interests” of the child principle . 0000300977 00000 n 0000039712 00000 n 0000321249 00000 n 0000275237 00000 n 0000282822 00000 n Several international conventions had also subsequently incorporated this provision. 0000313386 00000 n 0000257136 00000 n 0000254167 00000 n 0000240473 00000 n 0000317976 00000 n 0000101189 00000 n 0000234685 00000 n 0000257630 00000 n 0000265559 00000 n 0000266933 00000 n 0000307053 00000 n 0000305635 00000 n 0000304705 00000 n 0000258814 00000 n 0000289168 00000 n 0000289696 00000 n The purpose of this study 10 2. 0000294802 00000 n 0000318008 00000 n 0000269156 00000 n 0000261669 00000 n 0000278739 00000 n 2009, ch. 0000251729 00000 n 0000315724 00000 n 0000256821 00000 n 0000233794 00000 n 0000305914 00000 n 0000320725 00000 n 0000240783 00000 n 0000258494 00000 n 0000231347 00000 n 0000322568 00000 n 0000313002 00000 n 0000310908 00000 n 0000261320 00000 n 0000313442 00000 n 0000322364 00000 n 0000259246 00000 n 0000278475 00000 n 0000319536 00000 n 0000300641 00000 n 0000290779 00000 n 0000282025 00000 n 0000266558 00000 n 0000283298 00000 n 0000278607 00000 n 0000293627 00000 n 0000232039 00000 n 0000241168 00000 n 0000269282 00000 n 0000106134 00000 n 0000233204 00000 n 0000315614 00000 n 0000291298 00000 n 0000238316 00000 n 0000281012 00000 n 0000290388 00000 n 0000256281 00000 n 0000284242 00000 n 0000247055 00000 n 0000286618 00000 n 0000232857 00000 n 0000314954 00000 n 0000265929 00000 n 0000307530 00000 n 178 1686 Best interests in private international law 13 2.3. 0000270060 00000 n How to apply the best interests principle 3.1 Scope of the principle 3.2 Actions affecting an individual child 3.3 Best interests assessment 3.4 Best interests determination (BID) 4. Those who make decisions about children are increasingly required by law to act in the child's best interests. 0000271626 00000 n 0000263096 00000 n 0000242320 00000 n 0000275813 00000 n 0000293119 00000 n 0000313112 00000 n 0000276585 00000 n 0000127023 00000 n 0000292056 00000 n 0000249371 00000 n �,��J���Gv�u_Spw��;-��Gg��W��SǐD�Ab�β�8)�U�‹G��>\�+�JsDس�’����s����ޔ���O�UZN�[���Ssޕ �7����E��fxxxi��ڥ����r����E����`v�txj�Il� trailer 0000226205 00000 n 0000278409 00000 n 0000290276 00000 n 0000300529 00000 n 0000280003 00000 n 0000299595 00000 n What does the concept of the best interests of the child mean in practice? 0000245389 00000 n 0000241225 00000 n 0000271050 00000 n 0000316230 00000 n @}�J�~�+I�x*``�p*ǐ��-@��"��RJS��C�3� �@��2�ez�TG*��IS�K�0��!d� 0000250572 00000 n 0000262403 00000 n 0000314221 00000 n development results in confused parenting, which is certainly not inthe best interests of the child. 0000269632 00000 n 0000268769 00000 n 0000203189 00000 n 0000270924 00000 n 0000233015 00000 n 0000262718 00000 n 0000314102 00000 n 0000296246 00000 n 0000264108 00000 n 0000276123 00000 n 0000258868 00000 n 0000268661 00000 n 0000308991 00000 n 0000263256 00000 n 0000294182 00000 n 0000248089 00000 n 0000233147 00000 n 0000317433 00000 n 0000286276 00000 n 0000262222 00000 n 3.4 “Best interests” of the child with specific reference to section 7 and 9 of . 0000294016 00000 n 0000299371 00000 n 0000262529 00000 n 0000258762 00000 n 0000253337 00000 n rights and welfare of children. 0000321579 00000 n 0000220388 00000 n 0000296412 00000 n 0000306591 00000 n 0000289498 00000 n %%EOF How should it be interpreted and applied? 0000301232 00000 n 0000317794 00000 n Nearly all courts base child custody decisions on the best interests of the child standard. Despite heavy use of the concept of the “best interests” of the child, there is little consensus about what criteria constitute a child's best interests or how these criteria should be applied. 0000274355 00000 n 0000320984 00000 n - (Best Interests of the Child: Meaning and Application in Canada, 2009, 13) Children are important and their needs and interests are different from adults. 0000302313 00000 n 0000294914 00000 n 0000238002 00000 n 0000319729 00000 n 0000297286 00000 n 0000256658 00000 n 0000034701 00000 n 0000298923 00000 n 0000305523 00000 n Repealed by S.L. 0000310295 00000 n 0000299483 00000 n 0000274631 00000 n 0000253839 00000 n 0000273625 00000 n 0000298978 00000 n 0000270114 00000 n 0000259606 00000 n 0000306987 00000 n h޴�yPSw�����[GP�����ڈ� 0000235888 00000 n 0000106676 00000 n 0000280135 00000 n 0000314690 00000 n 0000296358 00000 n 0000300810 00000 n 0000283832 00000 n 0000245623 00000 n 0000253503 00000 n 0000298043 00000 n 0000258386 00000 n 0000314756 00000 n 0000304648 00000 n 0000305578 00000 n 0000322884 00000 n The best interest of the child Yvonne Dausab Approximately 60 per cent of people in Namibia are under the age of 25. 0000290331 00000 n 0000119400 00000 n 0000286750 00000 n 0000268877 00000 n 0000253949 00000 n 0000245707 00000 n 0000053894 00000 n 0000236296 00000 n \Ew9b��u`xs����%�c�0�K�:�QA$���I���$�8H�9Lm�8����x�.U�%��Ĵ�6^���A�Υ����B�}2�H֍ȹ�����D�/�\p 0000094778 00000 n 0000052663 00000 n 0000261723 00000 n 0000257577 00000 n 0000233578 00000 n 0000296301 00000 n 0000266055 00000 n 0000310238 00000 n 0000250133 00000 n 0000277165 00000 n 0000232562 00000 n 0000280564 00000 n 0000264372 00000 n 0000307363 00000 n 0000309323 00000 n 0000253612 00000 n 0000264534 00000 n 0000252649 00000 n 0000243615 00000 n 0000276941 00000 n 0000251120 00000 n 0000321433 00000 n 0000284188 00000 n 0000237835 00000 n 0000239338 00000 n 0000248393 00000 n 0000270527 00000 n 0000285119 00000 n 0000309433 00000 n 0000284519 00000 n 0000247228 00000 n � 0000313694 00000 n 0000242378 00000 n 0000094676 00000 n 0000254058 00000 n I�C9��h�A�Ȍ�Z�+Q�a4�D�����F�X[�4X� Laws on children in West and Central Africa child factors are 12 judges! 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