how old was abner doubleday when he died

[5], Doubleday was promoted to major on May 14, 1861, and commanded the Artillery Department in the Shenandoah Valley from June to August, and then the artillery for Major General Nathaniel Banks's division of the Army of the Potomac. Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819 – January 26, 1893)[1] was a career United States Army officer and Union major general in the American Civil War. He served until he was honorably mustered out on January 16, 1865. Gen. Rufus King, was incapacitated by an epileptic seizure at the time. Promoted to major, Doubleday served with the 17th Infantry in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia and in the defenses of Washington from September 1861 to May 1862. [4] He aimed the cannon that fired the first return shot in answer to the Confederate bombardment on April 12, 1861. During the first day’s battle Doubleday’s troops suffered nearly 65 percent casualties, but also blunted the onslaught of troops under Confederate Generals Harry Heth and Robert Rodes.26, Doubleday believed he would assume command of the I Corps, but the commander of the Army of the Potomac, George Meade, gave the command to John Newton. Unfortunately for that Abner Doubleday, his unearned fame was swept under the carpet and attributed for many years to another man by the same name. He published two important works on the Civil War: Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie (1876), and Chancellorsville and Gettysburg (1882), the latter being a volume of the series Campaigns of the Civil War. Doubleday was posted to the garrison at Fort Moultrie at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1858, an assignment that had a huge influence on his military career.13 In the 1850s there was a huge split in the Army over slavery. He received a brevet promotion to lieutenant colonel in the regular army for his actions at Antietam and was promoted in March 1863 to major general of volunteers, to rank from November 29, 1862. Doubleday was a high-ranking officer, whose duties included seeing to provisions for the US Army fighting throughout the south and border states. When you examine the life of Abner Doubleday you eventually have to come to the point expressed by classic detective Joe Friday: “Just the facts, ma’am, just the facts.” Okay, so here are two facts about General Abner Doubleday’s life. He said he had attended school with Doubleday. General Abner and Mary Doubleday He entered the United States Military Academy 1 Sep 1838 and graduated 1 Jul … His family lived in a tiny house, and they … Seven of those brigades sustained casualties that ranged from 35 to 50 percent, indicating the ferocity of the Union defense. In 1858 he posted to Florida. [21], Doubleday Field at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, where the Army Black Knights play at Johnson Stadium, is named in Doubleday's honor.[22]. [7], Doubleday initially served in coastal garrisons and then in the Mexican–American War from 1846 to 1848 and the Seminole Wars from 1856 to 1858. [4] Abner spent his childhood in Auburn and later was sent to Cooperstown to live with his uncle and attend a private preparatory high school. An 1838 graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, he is known today more for the myth that he invented Modern Baseball while a cadet at West Point than for his accomplishments as a Major General in the Union Army during the Civil War. He does have one valid link to baseball -- Hall of Famer Wade Boggs is Abner Doubleday's seventh cousin. Doubleday had a number of West Point classmates who served in the Civil War, including John Newton and John Pope. This flies in the face of the fact that Doubleday was a plebe at West Point at that time, was only 20 years old, and had never left West Point from August 1838 until his graduation in 1842. [2][3], Doubleday, the son of Ulysses F. Doubleday and Hester Donnelly, was born in Ballston Spa, New York, in a small house on the corner of Washington and Fenwick streets. Finally, Graves was not well; he wound up killing his wife and spent his remaining years in an asylum.37, Abner Doubleday was a very religious man, who never drank or used profane language, and whose interests were wide, including mathematics, engineering, literature, military science, and sports. [5], On July 2, 1863, Army of the Potomac commander Maj. Gen. George G. Meade replaced Doubleday with Major General John Newton, a more junior officer from another corps. In his sophomore year Doubleday scored third in Drawing; 21st in Mathematics; 29th in English Grammar and 46th in French. Had the jagged part struck first it would have killed me.”29, Doubleday was assigned to the defense of Washington, and his last combat was in fighting off Confederate General Jubal Early during raids in 1864. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. For the morale of the men, he is said to have provisioned balls and bats for the men. It concluded by saying, "in the years to come, in the view of the hundreds of thousands of people who are devoted to baseball, and the millions who will be, Abner Doubleday's fame will rest evenly, if not quite as much, upon the fact that he was its inventor ... as upon his brilliant and distinguished career as an officer in the Federal Army. [18] It hosted the annual Hall of Fame Game, an exhibition game between two major league teams that was played from 1940 until 2008. In the mini-series "North and South" George Hazzard is seen watching a primitive form of baseball with a wounded Orry Main, while referring to the game being invented by Doubleday, a fellow West Point cadet. "Bats, Balls, and Bullets". During World War II, the liberty ship SS Abner Doubleday was named in his honor. Baseball historian George B. Kirsch has described the results of the Mills Commission as a "myth". 4 Bert Gumpert, Abner Doubleday (unpublished manuscript). 19 Genealogytrails.com, West Point bios 1842 class. He published newspapers and books and served two terms in the US Congress.4, In the library at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown is a letter that gives some insight into how Abner Doubleday spent his youth. Doubleday received some bruises and could not hold the reins of a horse for a long time.20, Doubleday’s bravery and that of his troops at Antietam earned him promotion to major general of U.S. No serious historian of baseball believes Doubleday established the rules of baseball, but the myth of Doubleday still persists to some degree. [7] He retired in 1873. 34 Civilwarwomenblog.com/mary-doubleday.htm. 1 Letter to Bert Gumpert (1899-1978) from Alan C. Aimone, military history librarian, US Military Academy Library, February 17, 1977. The Abner Doubleday Little League and Babe Ruth Fields in Ballston Spa, New York, the town of his birth. He and his wife, Mary, retired to Mendham, New Jersey. Doubleday rode with Lincoln on the train to Gettysburg for the Gettysburg Address and Col. and Mrs. Doubleday attended events with Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln in Washington. 15 Meredith L. Jones, “In Memoriam Abner Doubleday, 1819-1893,” commemorative address, New York Monuments Commission for the Battlefields of Gettysburg, Chattanooga and Antietam; and John Cleveland Robinson, 1817-1897. Also while in Washington, Doubleday testified against George Meade at the United States Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, criticizing him harshly over his conduct of the Battle of Gettysburg. A sign at the Doubleday Hill Monument, erected in Williamsport, Maryland to commemorate Doubleday's occupation of a hill there during the Civil War, claims he invented the game in 1835. Newton, who was number one in his class, relieved General Doubleday as commander of the I Corps during the Battle of Gettysburg,22 and Doubleday served under Pope in the Union defeat at Second Manassas in August 1862.23 Several members of Doubleday’s class served with the Confederate army, including Daniel H. Hill,24 Richard Anderson, Lafayette McLaws, and James Longstreet, all of whom fought at Gettysburg.25, In command of a division in the I Corps, Doubleday was among the first to see action in the battle. Mills had been president of the National League from 1882 to 1884. Died 26 Jan 1893 in Mendham, New Jersey. Abner Doubleday was an American general who was an important member of the Theosophical Society in its earliest years. Hatch. He helped found the Bronx Historical Society and was also involved with the Civil War Society and the Revolutionary War Roundtable in New York City. / Died: 26 January 1893: How many years did Abner Doubleday live? His troops fought in the Second Battle of Manassas August 29-30, then in the Battle of South Mountain in Maryland on September 14. Doubleday was born in Ballston Spa, New York in 1819 and worked as a surveyor for railroads before attending the US Military Academy at West Point. [2] Part of the confusion could stem from there being another man by the same name in Cooperstown in 1839.[14]. The character organizes the first game of baseball between the six main characters and a group of Chinese immigrants, creating the rules as he goes, primarily to allow him to win. First, his military career was lengthy and he “was the highest ranking officer in the Civil War to have been part of so many of the Civil War’s major events.”1 Second, he did not invent baseball, despite the false assertion from the Mills Commission and others. And a member of the US his final years in New York.17 who was from Kentucky and a...: 26 January 1893: How many years did Abner Doubleday summary: Abner Doubleday was born about six north! The attack by Confederate lieutenant general Jubal a by an epileptic seizure at the Battle of South Mountain in on. Carolina seceded, and its garrison was moved to Fort Sumter garrison allowed! 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