Greenish-white flowers in spring give way to red samaras, and the fall foliage is yellow or red. From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in the UK and the Missouri Botanical Garden in the US. Vine maple leaves have seven to nine lobes and turn bright red or yellow in the fall. Other varieties usually feature yellow hues in fall. Fall color is stimulated by the slight stress that occurs when climate conditions become dry, and if you irrigate a maple too diligently, its fall color may be disappointing. Maples are famous for their brilliant fall colours. Two outbreaks have occurred in Ontario so far – the latest in 2013 in Malton, where 7,500 trees were removed in an effort to contain the insect. Landscaping enthusiasts have many options for achieving colorful yards in autumn. Medium sized, short-trunked, spreading tree up to 35 m high; leaves light green above, silvery-white below, and deeply lobed. of maples can be turned into baskets, ropes and even clothing, and the large leaves as a surface for laying food on. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. Small tree or large shrub with short, crooked trunk, often multi-stemmed; leaves are yellowish green above and whitish below, with three lobes, and turn yellow or brown in the fall; light yellow flowers grow in dense, upright spikes; maple key It’s sturdy and doesn’t have an aggressive root system. Maples are renowned for their autumn colors; many species put on a display of oranges, browns, yellows, and reds every year. Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. Eastern Woodlands were the first to develop maple sugaring technologies; when Europeans arrived, the First Nations sold large quantities of maple sugar to the fur trading posts. In spring, the maple leaf-buds start to expand, often at the same time as the tree’s blooming flowers. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. Shade tolerant, growing in moist floodplains and bottomlands, in southeastern hardwood forests from Ottawa to Montreal, and south in US to Tennessee. deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. While most maple leaves are single-bladed, with three to nine pointed lobes, the Manitoba maple (Acer negundo) has compound leaves, with three to nine leaflets arranged along a central stalk. Male Small, shrub-like tree with distinctive vertically striped bark; leaves are broad and soft with three shallow lobes, and turn golden yellow in the fall; light yellow flowers grow in drooping clusters, with male and female flowers on different trees; Of the 125 Acer species found worldwide, over two-thirds grow in China; 10 are native to Canada, and others are grown as ornamentals, with some (such as Norway maple, A. platanoides), becoming naturalized in parts of Canada. As with many widespread species, this tree carries several regional common names, such as soft maple, creek maple, river maple, white maple, and water maple. As the name suggests, the leaves are quite large on this tree. This tree does well with urban conditions like salt and pollution. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. The silver maple is found south from Ontario, throughout the Eastern United States and into Florida. Turner, N., Maple Trees in Canada (2019). Maple trees are used widely in landscape works as well as in the home garden. These Canadian maples will thrive in full-sun to partial-shade sun exposure and love all sorts of soil to grow in. We also have a gene bank of rare Ontario trees (Rare Woody Plants of Ontario). As well as providing sap for sugar and syrup, some maples have edible inner bark that was formerly eaten fresh or dried, or powdered and used as a thickener in soups or as in ingredient in breads. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). This is especially true when it comes to identifying trees such as oak and maple trees that have lobed leaves. and female flowers are separate, within the same cluster, in separate clusters, or on separate trees, again depending on the species. This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. The sure way to tell them apart is that Norway Maple has milky sap. Chokecherry. Golden full moon maple Acer japonicum 'Aureum' 3m tall: zone 6: Rounded yellow leaves add a bright contrast to the garden. In a neglected yard, seedlings may quickly spout up and overtake a landscape. This plant is sensitive to both heat and cold. The paperbark maple is often chosen for a landscape because of its cinnamon or reddish-brown colored bark that peels away from the trunk, even when the tree is young. Conifers are also known as softwoods. Acer negundo (Manitoba maple or box-elder). The Plant List Search this online database for information about one million plant species from around the world. Maple species are also widely grown as ornamental trees on city streets and in yards across Canada, contributing aesthetic beauty, shade, erosion Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. Bur oak. Innu, and Algonquin as well as various American groups. There is good evidence that Indigenous peoples of the Small spreading tree; leaves are compound, each with three to seven (rarely nine) leaflets, and turn yellow in the fall; white flowers are densely clustered and without petals; maple key wings are paired in V-shape. For many types of leaves, their overall shape and pattern are greatly defined by their margins. S. Katz (1991). The information contained here has been taken from “Trees in Canada” (Canadian Forest Service/NRCAN) and “Native Trees of Canada” by Tom Farrar. In fall, this tree turns attractive shades of yellow, orange, or red. Streambanks, gravelly slopes and open woods from British Columbia (except northeastern BC) to Alberta foothills and south to the US, mainly from Oregon to Utah. The flowers, pollinated by wind or by insects, are clustered, whitish to light yellow-green, or sometimes red in colour, depending on the species. Maple Syrup: Maple tree sap starts running as the spring warmer weather approaches and the sun is higher in the sky.Tapping into the sugar maple tree species produces a clear watery sap with a light woody taste. Damp, open woods and streamsides, from southwestern British Columbia to northern California. Elm trees belong to the Ulmaceae family, particularly in the genus called Ulmus.This genus consists of 35 different species ranging from ornamental shade trees to forest trees. The bark of the eastern white cedar peels in long, narrow vertical strips. It has since become one of the most prevalent trees. Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. Balsam Fir. Most maples are shallow-rooted trees that can push up sidewalks and other paving surfaces if planted too close. Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. Once established, the Amur maple will have some drought resistance. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. Nearly all maple trees are deciduous and are generally a fairly hardy long lived tree. In shape and size, this small tree looks similar to the Japanese maple and may be used in a similar way as a specimen tree. The fall colours are due to the production of pigments called anthocyanins (responsible for the red colours) and/or the presence of carotenoids (orange and yellow) in the leaves after the green chlorophyll breaks down. They have flat, scale-like leaves, with small cones. Some trees grow burls and All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. Types of Acer Maple Trees. There is nothing more Canadian than a Sugar Maple tree, as its leaf is proudly displayed in the centre of our country’s flag. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. They are a major constituent of many temperate forests. The Arboretum is also in charge of the Ontario Tree Atlas Projectwhic… Acer ginnala is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tatarian maple, carrying the label Acer tataricum subsp. It has been used by virtually all Indigenous peoples within the tree’s range, being rendered into syrup and sugar by Haudenosaunee, Eastern flowering dogwood. The sugar maple is a large tree with a densely rounded crown. Boxelder or Acer negundo - The most common maple sp. They can be messy and invasive, so look for cultivated varieties. Dwarf varieties are often used as ornamental shrubs, while larger cultivars are planted as small specimen trees. ginnala. Tall, spreading tree; dark green leaves are very large with five lobes, and turn golden yellow in the fall; yellowish flowers grow in drooping clusters; maple keys are hairy with wings usually angled at about 45°. Native Trees of Southwestern Ontario including pictures of white birch, blue beech, bitternut hickory, pignut hickory, big shellbark hickory, shagbark hickory, chestnut, hackberry, redbud and … Also, click on "major plant groups" at the bottom of the page to browse descriptions of species of interest. The angle between the wings of a maple key varies with different species. The red spring buds turn into red seed structure (samaras) hanging from reddish twigs. Maple trees include a sizable number of species in the genus Acer within the plant family Aceraceae. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). Always check the behavior of the maple species you are considering before planting it. Maples are not only important to Canada symbolically, they are also ecologically and economically significant. The sycamore maple is one of the more massive maples, featuring a dense rounded crown. While all maple tree sap contains sugar, the sap of the sugar maple has the highest concentration. This means that we have trees, shrubs and vines here that have been grown from seed collected in wild sites in Ontario. The giant Comfort Maple of Ontario is one such specimen that serves as a regular tourist draw. Here is a comparison of a Norway Maple leaf with that of Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum). Ten maple species are native to Canada, perhaps the best known being sugar maple (Acer saccharum) of eastern Canada and the northeastern United States. The Asian long-horned beetle has a diverse diet that, ominously, includes maple. The Arboretum conducts its own research as well as provides a site for others to do research projects. Fungi and algae are excluded. Common hoptree. maple key wings are angled at about 145°. Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub; leaves have three to five lobes, and turn yellow to red in the fall; yellowish green flowers grow in small clusters; maple key wings are paired in a V-shape. These vigorous types of maple trees will survive in regions where other trees give up. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Tree Species List: The tree and shrub species listed below have been chosen because they are appropriate for the habitats surrounding the woodland at Westminster Ponds. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. Each encloses a seed and Medium-sized, dense-crowned tree; leaves have three lobes and are long-stalked, the blades are hairy beneath, and turn orange or yellow-brown in the fall; yellowish-green flowers grow in hanging clusters; maple key wings are only slightly angled. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has several main veins, all extending from the Ailanthus (Ailanthus altissima) Apple, Common (Malus pumila) Ash, Black (Fraxinus nigra) Ash, Blue (Fraxinus quadrangulata) Ash, Pumpkin (Fraxinus profunda) Ash, Red (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) Ash, White (Fraxinus americana) Turner, Nancy J.. "Maple Trees in Canada". Regionally, this tree carries many different common names: scarlet maple, soft maple, Drummond red maple, Carolina red maple, swamp maple, trident red maple, and water maple. The 'Embers' and 'Flame' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. Because the tree is so fast growing, the wood is brittle and branches break off without warning, according to “The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees of the World,” by Tony Russel, Catherine Cutler and Martin Walters. Here are 13 excellent maple tree species for your landscape. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage more closely resembles that of the hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). J.L. Trees & Shrubs - Trees This is a list of Trees in order by the Common Name that is used for each species on this site. In the right settings, this species may become invasive, so before planting it check to make sure it is not a problem in your region. Maples are generally The vine leaf maple features leaves with three parts, a structure known as trifoliate. The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. Fall color also varies according to variety, ranging from greenish-yellow to red to burgundy. Comfort Maple is a 500-year-old sugar maple tree in Ontario, Canada. It is regarded as the oldest maple in Canada. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. Common Pests of Trees in Ontario is a revised edition of Common Pests of Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, first printed in l975. long. Red maple tree (Acer rubrum) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped, green foliage that turns brilliant shades of red in fall. The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. Upright, multi-branched habit. Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. The fast-growing tree, which is a cross between the red and silver maple, offers the best of both worlds. The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. Maple Wilt. Maples are trees and shrubs in the genus Acer, previously classified within the maple family Aceraceae, but now placed by some taxonomists in Sapindaceae (Soapberry family), which also includes horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastaneum). It is a very aromatic tree with sticky sap. Nutrition, Botany and Use,” in Food and Nutrition in History and Anthropology, ed. Trees available for pickup or delivery! Name: Acer negundo. The interesting bark provides plenty of winter interest. Cucumber tree. One of the most common maple tree diseases is known as maple wilt. Douglas maple leaves have three to five lobes and their maple keys are paired in a V-shape. chipmunks and mice, and the young twigs and leaves are eaten by deer and moose. Golden Japanese maple control and surface water management. A Japanese maple can be a focal point in many different types of garden designs. This large tree is an excellent shade tree for large landscapes and parks. Known either as Norway maple or European maple, this popular species was brought to North America from Europe in the 18th century. Spring foliage is burgundy, turning green in summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. Common in hardwood forests in deep, well-drained soils, from Ontario to Maritimes and south in the US to Georgia and Kansas. Best of the Best: Maples With Great Fall Color, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs. Regionally, this species may be known as the rock maple or hard maple. The fibrous inner bark The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has … The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. We are studying elms to try to develop trees that are resistant to Dutch Elm Disease and yet are genetically diverse (Elm Recovery Project). Before planting a tree in Southwestern Ontario, consider one of our native species. Acer glabrum (Douglas or Rocky Mountain maple). It can also be used as a street tree if the power lines are high enough. Maple is one of the most popular trees in Canada. Cherry birch. Silver Maple. Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. It is not a popular landscape tree because it lacks fall color, but the sycamore maple can make a good shade tree and has good tolerance for salty conditions. These trees are commonly native to North Temperate regions and most of them are popularly cultivated for their attractive foliage and incredible height. Generally Maple trees prefer a humus rich moist but well drained soil. On the west coast, however, the bigleaf maple, equally vibrant, turns bright golden yellow. There are approximately 128 species, most of which are native to Asia, with a number also appearing in Europe, northern Africa, and North America.Only one species, Acer laurinum, extends to the Southern Hemisphere. It has the biggest leaves of any maple; the classic five-lobed, palm-shape leaves can be over 12 inches wide. Located five minutes outside of Peterborough, Ontario. Butternut. Once established, it will have some drought resistance. Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. Leaf margins are classified by the type of edging that may be lobed, smooth, or toothed. Three-lobed (or sometimes five-lobed) green leaves usually turn reddish in fall, though the particular hues can be unpredictable. Maples are well known to Indigenous peoples in Canada, and are named in many Indigenous languages. Fern leaf maple Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium' 5m tall: zone 5: Broad, deeply cut green leaves turn a brilliant scarlet in the fall. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. Canada is the leading producer of maple syrup and other maple food products in the world, with 90 per cent of Canadian maple syrup production coming from Quebec (as of early 2018). Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple or moosewood). Although there are about 150 known species of maples, only seven. Some trees may have leaves sporting several of these colors at once. Forest understory, hillsides and stream edges; Saskatchewan east to Newfoundland, south to northeastern US. Maple fruits and seeds are eaten by birds, squirrels, Moist woodlands and prairies of western North America, from British Columbia’s central coast south to California. Anishinaabe, Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet), Mi’kmaq, Maples have also been used medicinally to treat various ailments, from coughs and tuberculosis to dysentery. Slow growing; prefers a sheltered site. Leaves turn yellow in the fall. Medium-sized tree; leaves grow up to 15 cm long, with three to five sharply-toothed lobes, and turn brilliant red in the fall; twigs, buds, flowers are bright red; maple key wings are angled at about 60°. There are approximately 150 species of maple around the world, most in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, and the majority native to eastern Asia. While it can make a good large shade tree in the right circumstances, this is not a tree that is very tolerant of urban conditions. It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. Many varieties also develop thick exposed roots that make it hard to mow lawns; these types are better planted in a woodland setting or where the ground around them can be covered with mulch or a living ground cover other than grass. Many people decide to plant maples because they work well as shade, street, and specimen trees. Balsam Fir have flat 2-4 cm long, dark green needles. The Freeman’s maple is a hybrid variety with gorgeous colorful foliage that reveals itself at the turn of the season in the fall. Harriet V. Kuhnlein and Nancy J. Turner, “Traditional Plant Foods of Canadian Indigenous Peoples. It also features beautiful, vibrant colours in most seasons. Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. This maple is the first choice for those seeking to make maple syrup, as the sap contains a larger percentage of plant sugars than with any other maple species. It also is sometimes called by the common name Siberian maple. It is usually grown as a small upright tree but can also be grown as a shrub if left unpruned. They turn yellowish or brown in the fall; flowers are densely clustered; maple keys are very large, with wings up to 5 cm They can live to be extremely old, with some trees in Ontario being dated at over 1000 years old. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. (Also naturalized in southern British Columbia and elsewhere in Canada, as well as Europe.). Leaves of the tree may change colors during the year. O'Hagan Trees sells a variety of trees including Maples, Oaks, Birches, Fruit Trees and More! Climate change, resulting in warmer, drier weather overall, is perhaps the greatest threat to Canadian maples. In some areas, this tree is known as the planetree maple. Particularly frightening is the prospect of a possible invasion by the Asian long-horned beetle. Moist soils, from southern Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario south to Florida and New Mexico. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. Its leaves are nothing like what you expect from a maple. The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. Sugar Maple is one of Toronto’s best-loved trees. Shade tolerant, growing in cool, moist areas from Nova Scotia and Quebec’s Gaspe Peninsula west to Saskatchewan, and south in the US as far as Georgia. Eagleson and R. Hasner, The Maple Syrup Book (2006). It is 80 feet tall and 20 feet in circumference at the base. The causal factors are Verticillium albo-atrum or Verticillium dahliae, which are fungi found in the soil.This is a common and serious problem that can even kill established trees. It does not respond well to compacted soils, road salts, or pollution. This is collected in sap pails hung on the trees. The three-lobed leaves are medium green on the top surfaces, with bottom surfaces that are gray-green. Large branching, straight-trunked tree; leaves have five pointed lobes, and turn brilliant red in the fall; flowers are tiny, bell-shaped, and long-stalked; clustered maple keys have U-shaped wings that grow slightly apart. Also known as field maple or common maple, the hedge maple is a small- to medium-sized tree that can serve as a shade tree in small landscapes or can be pruned to serve as a hedge plant in larger landscapes.Medium-green foliage gives way to yellow colors in fall. Red Maple Tree Varieties. This species is closely related to the Amur maple. Eastern hemlock. Most, especially those celebrated in Canada’s eastern hardwood forests, display brilliant reds and oranges. These trees are native to Southwestern Ontario and grow naturally in … Many plant species within a genus have a similar appearance, but there can be surprises, as is the case with hornbeam maple. Rather than the palmate lobes found on the classic maple, this species has lobeless elongated leaves with pointed tips and corrugated texture. The Canadian flag displays a stylized maple leaf, and maple is Canada’s official arboreal emblem. Beetle, have caused significant damage to maples. Farrar, J. L., Trees in Canada (1995). The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus, growing either as a spreading multi-stem shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown. This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. In. Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub; leaves have seven to nine lobes, and turn bright red or golden in the fall; white flowers grow in small clusters; maple key wings are wide apart. It’s hard to imagine Canada without a maple tree. Fall colors vary considerably depending on cultivar; yellows, red-purples, and bronze hues are all available. For hardness, strength and beauty, SUGAR MAPLE sur passes all other species. Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. Manitoba maple: Northern hackberry: Ohio buckeye: Pawpaw: Peachleaf willow: Pin cherry: Pin oak: Pitch pine: Red maple: Red mulberry: Red oak: Red pine: Red spruce: Sassafras: Serviceberries: Shagbark hickory: Showy mountain-ash: Shumard oak: Silver maple: Striped maple: Sugar maple: Swamp white oak: Sycamore: Tamarack: Trembling aspen: Tulip tree: White ash: White birch: White oak: White spruce In, Turner, Nancy J., "Maple Trees in Canada". produce wood with contorted grain patterns – known as “bird’s eye maple” – that is in demand by woodworkers. Blue beech. Boxelder has the largest range of all North American maples. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Maple trees come in a wide range of types or forms from smaller growing dwarf species to large trees. 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