european colonization of the americas quizlet

The Inca dominated the Andes slopes with agriculture; growing plants such as maize, tomatoes, and cacao. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Samuel Eliot Morison, The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages, a.d. 500-1600 (1971); John H. Parry, The Spanish Seaborne Empire (1966; 2nd … The primary reason for European colonization of Africa was capitalism. North America, South America, Africa, Asia, & Australia. European goods were then sent to Africa, where they were used to purchase African slaves. What is one negative of the Columbian Exchange? African art and the effects of European contact and colonization. Horses were of particular importance to the Native American communities, as the tribes used horses for transportation during trade. Some Indian communities were approached with respect and in turn greeted the odd-looking visitors as guests. 12 terms. European Colonialism Pre-Colonial History. European Exploration And Colonization Quizlet . European colonization of the Americas started with an attempt by the Vikings who came from Scandinavia, the north end of Europe around the year 1000.They explored and settled awhile in the colony they called Vinland in what was later called Newfoundland.However, they abandoned it. 986: Norsemen settle Greenland and Bjarni Herjólfsson sights coast of North America, but doesn't land (see also Norse colonization of the Americas). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. resource library COLLECTION European Colonization of North America The invasion of the North American continent and its peoples began with the Spanish in 1565 at St. Augustine, Florida, then British in 1587 when the Plymouth Company established a settlement that they dubbed Roanoke in … By the end of the seventeenth century, the region we still call New England was dominated by a single European group—the English. The main negative effects of economic polices of European colonization was it gave the Europeans more power, and the average native none. He explored Virginia, naming it … While I couldn’t find any evidence that they changed the environment through their action, some experts theorize that the Inca were helped along by the warming of the environment. In 1492 Columbus rediscovered America. 1473: João Vaz Corte-Real perhaps reaches Newfoundland; writes about the "Land of Cod fish" in his journal. Europe's colonial expansion, 1820-1939 European countries began exploring and seeking to dominate the rest of the world during the 15th and 16th centuries, thanks to their ability to control sea routes and to the exploration of the American continent. View the interactive image by Aaron Parker. Sheep, pigs, horses, and cattle were all introduced to the New World. Soon Spanish conquistadores and many other Europeans went to stay. The Reception of African Art in the West. As Monroe stated: “The American continents … are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.” Monroe outlined two separate spheres of influence: the Americas and Europe. For the Spaniards, colonization in the Americas was just an extension of the reconquista. The world saw the Spain could be beaten - Spain's image suffered. II. The Church, disease, and large urban centers dictated societal structure in European societies before colonization of the New World. How were the Spanish and English (Jamestown) settlements similar? French explorers and settlers trailed the Spanish by many years, but the French did establish settlements in North America. Origins of European exploration in the Americas Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. In the 1600s, French and Dutch settlers in North America took a very different approach to colonization than their English or Spanish counterparts. Which European country was the first to try to convert Native Americans to Christianity and use them as slave labor? Chapter 2 : European Exploration of the Americas Chapter Objectives. Native American population declined because of high death rate from European diseases 4. The principle justification offered by the Europeans for their colonization of Asia & Africa was the moral and technological superiority of the western world. The bilateral statement proposed by the British thereby became a unilateral declaration by the United States. Spain, Portugal, France and Britain controlled the greatest amount of territory. Impact Of European Exploration And Colonization On Native Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Colonization could be considered to start as far back as the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Colonization, or the desire to establish permanent settlements, soon followed. The Native American did benefit from European Colonization at least a little. by Dr. Peri Klemm. In August … Sir Walter Raleigh wanted to increase the amount of land owned and ruled by the British Empire, so he wanted to claim more land in America for the British crown. There has always been a double aspect to such encounters. Spanish Missionization of the Americas : 7: Film Showing (Excerpts) and Discussion: The Mission Remarks on Writing Papers: 8: Resistance and Rebellion in Colonial Latin America : 9: Film Showing: Black Robe: 10: Exploration and Colonization of North America, The Fur Trade, New France : 11: Discuss The Jesuit Relations : 12 European Exploration and Early Americas . European Colonization Before Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World the continents of North and South America were ruled by multiple empires. The abundance of European goods gave rise to new artistic objects. European animals introduced to the Americas through the Columbian Exchange also played an important role in Native American life. Practice: Native American societies before European contact. The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Western Europe. Even before the European settlement of what is now the United States, Native Americans suffered high fatalities from contact with European diseases spread throughout the Americas by the Spanish to which they had yet not acquired immunity. Citi S&T. East side of map is Portugal and the west is Spain. 1. These historical questions are on European Exploration and Colonization In America! European exploration and expansion into the Americas began in 1492 with the first voyage of Christopher Columbus, who sailed west for Spain. From Wikipedia: . If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The Treaty of Tordesillas move the Line of Demarcation 800 mile west which allowed which country to claim eastern South America? Specifically, the Europeans brought diseases with them that the Native Americans had no immunity against. Harsh climate made it difficult for the colony to grow. European Colonialism has been around since the late 15th century and their model for colonialism will exist for many years to come. They raised also animals such as llamma for their meat, hides, and milk as well as guinea pigs for their main source of protein. African art and the effects of European contact and colonization. The process of colonization in the Americas was a complex and complicated series of events, each driven by the varied interests of an array of European empires. How the Specter of Islam Fueled European Colonization in ... Start studying Colonization Through the Constitution. Each group of Europeans in North America formed a distinct society, and each group disrupted the Native American societies it encountered. The abundance of European goods gave rise to new artistic objects. What was New Netherland renamed after it was taken over by the English in 1664? This entry uses the term colonialism to describe the process of European settlement and political control over the rest of the world, including the Americas, Australia, and parts of Africa and Asia. Chapter 2 - European Colonization of the Americas, 1492-1752. Most people tend to forget that there was a point that the British controlled America as we know it, and it was a lot of bloodsheds that America came out as a free country.Take this quiz and get to … How were the French and Netherlands settlements similar? The difficulty of defining colonialism stems from the fact that the term is often used as a … Summary. Europeans arrived in North America for a variety of reasons. England, in fact, undertook the colonization of North America in the late-sixteenth and early-seventeenth centuries as part of an effort to stem the tide of Spanish conquests. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Some of these European countries fought one another for … Well, Natives did benefit because they moved on from their hunter-gatherer age and were introduced to new materials like tools of iron and rifles making their hunting easier, New ways of dressing and were introduced to trade which is the biggest benefit of all. Which European country had a friendly relationship with the Iroquois Tribe? For some, the Americas were a world of untold riches, while for others, this discovery allowed for … During the following century, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese and British explorers continued to risk their lives seeking treasure and adventure in the New World. What was the main goal of the Age of Exploration? European colonization of the Americas started with an attempt by the Vikings who came from Scandinavia, the north end of Europe around the year 1000.They explored and settled awhile in the colony they called Vinland in what was later called Newfoundland.However, they abandoned it. History of the European exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes, beginning about the 4th century BCE. They died out in large numbers from diseases brought to the Americas by Europeans. In this video, Kim examines the trading relationships that French and Dutch settlers established with Native Americans in North America and how colonial goals affected patterns of settlement. To understand the influence of these forces, you will compare the differing ways that European nations developed political and economic influences, including trade and By this time, European colonies covered extensive areas in North, Central, and South America. Email. Email. North America offered millions of immigrants a home and a hope of prosperity in a new country. Colonization Through the Constitution Flashcards | Quizlet Start studying Unit 1: Colonization through the Constitution - Quiz #2. What was life like for Native Americans that were located wherever Europeans settled? What is the name of the economic system in which a nations increase in wealth by obtaining gold and silver and establishing a favorable balance of trade? Millions of Native Americans died from diseases brought from Europe. While the Americas remained firmly under the control of indigenous peoples in the first decades of European invasion, conflict increased as colonization spread and Europeans placed greater demands upon the indigenous populations, including expecting them to convert to Christianity (either Catholicism or Protestantism). Where did explorers travel to on their journeys? c. 1000: Norse settle briefly in L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland. by Dr. Peri Klemm. Start studying COLONIZATION OF AMERICA TEST. The Reception of African Art in the West. APUSH Review: Video #5: European Colonization In The Americas.

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